From the GIS angle, CAD files could be viewed in ArcMap or ArcPro. Arcpro took it even further and started to group features based on attributes. The main thing to remember is that CAD files should be geo-spatially enabled.
So, what does need to take place in order to take the integration further?
More sophisticated integrations allow engineers and designers to more easily access hosted GIS data directly inside of Autodesk software without needing to pass around static shapefiles or worry about alignment. Here is a general recap:
ESRI integration tools could be found inside of AutoCAD, AutoCAD Map 3D, Civil 3D and InfraWorks.
Exhaustive list of videos and tutorials in the subject could be found in this blog – Learn & use the Esri and Autodesk integrations (Ja… – Esri Community